Ever since the civilization of humans started, one of the oldest diseases that caused the death of many of our ancestors is Tuberculosis. It has been with us for about 9,000 years.
Tuberculosis or Koch’s disease is a chronic (goes on and off for more than two weeks) infectious disease of the lungs caused by one specific type of bacteria. These bacteria, called mycobacterium tuberculosis invade in the body and can stay for years. They can also invade other organs aside from the lungs.
Tuberculosis has been considered one of the world’s deadliest diseases. In the Philippines, it remains to be a major public health concern.
The mycobacterium tuberculosis spread from one person to another through droplet contact. The tiny droplet comes from an infected person who coughs, sneeze, spit, laugh, or sings.
Although the disease is contagious, it is not contagious as other communicable diseases do. Healthcare experts have found out that a person can get TB easily from someone you are living or working with than from someone who is a stranger.
Commonly, it occurs among malnourished individuals, the elderly and children living in crowded and squatter areas.
Immunocompromised persons, specifically those with HIV are also at high risk of acquiring TB.
There are now anti-biotic medicines which are prescribed to treat Tuberculosis. But compared to the treatment available to ordinary infections, it is more difficult. The anti-biotic therapy would take about 6 months to completely eradicate the bacteria. Some patients may even extend up to nine months.
The doctor usually requires the patient to take at least 3-4 drugs on the course of the whole therapy. These are Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Ethambutol and Pyrazinamde. Streptomycin can also be included and can become another option in the therapy. Usually, the regimen is to take all four drug combination which last for 2 months. Then, only two to three drug combination shall be taken for the rest of the therapy.
It is not enough to just comply with taking in one medication in the treatment course because the bacteria may become resistant to the drug. However, because of modern drug preparations, a patient can take all three to four drugs combined in one tablet.
In addition, the dosage and the number of tablets to be taken will depend on the weight of the client.
Despite seeing an almost successful treatment of TB, we should remember that people can still die from it. The principal causes are delayed therapy and poor management of both medication and personal measures. Here are some tips for active TB patients.
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Thank you for your helpful information. I learned quiet a bit that I didn't know about TB.reply 0
I must thank you for posting such a great and informative article.!!!! What i like most is the management part you have written.So nicely you have written about the ways to follow.That will help the patient mentally to face and come out of the disease.reply 0
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Thank you for sharing. I remember back in 2008, when I was preparing to go to the United States for college, i had to get a TB test. It was quite tricky because normally you get an injection and return for the doctor to observe the injection site. If it is swollen and itches, probably we may have TB and need to do more tests. But it could also me that you are just having an allergic reaction. Thank God, in my is was just an allergic reaction.reply 0
Nice informative article!!.It is one of the oldest dreaded diseases which still occur despite of all medical advancements. I know of one co worker who survived it and is back to normal. But she gained weight due to some steroids treatment. I am not sure if they give steroidsreply 0