Many Cancers are curable these days. Whether fully or not, but survival rate has definitely increased. Here, we are listing 5 types of cancers that are actually curable.
Cancer is a dreadful word that everyone is scared of. When it is diagnosed, the most important question that comes to the mind is if it can be cured. Although complete cure cannot be always guaranteed, the survival rates have increased over the years, thanks to the improvement in medical treatments. The disease primarily involves abnormal or uncontrollable growth or multiplication of cells. Cancer can be categorized into four stages, from Stage 1 to Stage 4. The sooner it is detected, the better are the chances of recovery.
Chances of survival also depends on the type of cancer and the overall medical profile of the patient. Here are some of the most common types of cancer that are curable:
1. Breast Cancer
As the name suggests, breast cancer develops in the breasts. Initially a lump may appear anywhere on the breasts or armpit. The other common signs to look out for are redness of the nipples or some discharge from it, any uneven texture of the breast skin like dimpling or puckering, soreness in the lymph nodes present in the armpit or neck, any noticeable change in the breast or nipple's shape or size. Although what causes breast cancer is not fully clear, doctors believe that the abnormal growth of some breast cells leads to the accumulation of cells into mass or lump which ultimately leads to cancer formation. It may sometimes be inherited as well, due to faulty genes. Other common causes are sedentary lifestyle, hormonal issues and external environmental factors. Regular self-examination of breast is important to rule out its possibility of occurance. For detailed examination, the methods adopted are ultrasonography, mammography and clinical biopsy. Mammography is form of X-ray which is used to detect the possibility of breast cancer. The treatment of breast cancer may vary according to the severity or stage of the disease. The treatment methods mainly involve surgery, chemotherapy and radio therapy. The survival rate of breast cancer depends on the stage of the disease. If detected at the early stage, the survivsl rate is almost hundred percent. It comes down to about twenty percent by the time the patient reaches the fourth stage.
2. Thyroid Cancer
Shaped like a butterfly, the thyroid gland is located at the front of our neck and plays a larger role in oour endocrine system, which is related to the secretion and regulation of hormones in the body. When a person has thyroid cancer, it bocomes apparent due to the abnormal cell division taking place in the gland. Since can is detected and treated early, the patient's response rate to the treat is fairly good. Like most of the other types of cancer, thyroid cancer is mostly associated with DNA changes. Apart from a lump or mass, the other signs of thyroid cancer are neck pain which often extends to the ears, difficulty in swallowing or breathing, unstoppable cough and hoarseness in voice. Thyroid cancer mat be treated in many ways. Apart from the common treatments like chemotherapy and surgery, the specific treatments are Radioactive iodine (radioiodine) therapy, xternal beam radiation therapy, targeted therapy and thyroid hormone therapy. Thyroid cancer is treatable most of the time, unless the disease is at its final stage and the illness becomes terminal.
3. Testicular Cancer
Testacular cancer is completely curable through surgery if it is in its initial stage and is yet to spread to the other parts of the body. Generally, one of the testicles or both of them, having the tumor, are removed. Removing on testacle retains the chance to enjoy sexual life as well as remain fertile. For the later stages, apart from medications, the treatments available are surgery, chemotherapy and readiation. Although, the cause of testicular cancer has not been understood, there are certain risk factors that may lead to the disease. Some of these risk factors are injury to the testicles, injuinal hernia, abnormal cells in the testis, undescended testicles, hypospasias,family history of testicular cancer, calcium specks in the testicle, vasectomy and fertility issues.
4. Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer which affects the prostate gland, which is a part of the reproductive system of men. Prostate cancer are difficult to discover as there is hardly any early sign. Therefore, it is important that men over 50 years of age undergo its screening and examinations like digital rectal examination as well as prostatic specific antigen. Some of the signs and symptoms that come up over the time are pain or diffuculty in having ejaculation, difficulty in urinating or holding it back, presence of blood in the urine or semen, difficulty in starting or stopping the flow of urine, frequent urination and pain in the pelvis, thighs or lower back.
Prostate cancer does not spread quickly or rapidly like other types of cancer and is comparatively of lesser serious nature. The survival rate is very high which is more than ninety percent. Moreover, it is a very common type of cancer that comes with aging.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that develops in the melanin producing cells called melanocytes. Most of the times, they form in the skin. However, there are cases where they may develop in areas like eyes, mouth or some internal organs. Although the causes of melanoma have not been co-related with anything, exposure to sunlight and its ultraviolet(UV) rays increases its chance to develop.
Early detection of melanoma increases its chances of cure. When it is at its early stage and remains within the skin and has not spread to other parts of the body, it is easy treat. If it has affected a portion or just a layer of tissue beneath the skin, it can be removed with the help of a small surgery. And if it has spread to any lymph nodes, they can also be removed surgically. Radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy are other treatment procedures for melanoma. When melanoma becomes metastatic or spreads beyond the skin to other parts of the body, or becomes recurrent, just surgury will not be enough. For melanoma which cannot be cured completely, certain clinical trials are offered to control the complications and symptoms and reducing the discomforts associated with it.
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